This workshop will bring together experts on global migration to discuss how different advanced industrial countries cope with skill shortages. To make the task at hand more manageable, this workshop focuses (although not exclusively so) on the health care sector. Although the participants are political scientists working in the fields of international trade and comparative political economy, the workshop is interdisciplinary. Despite the fact that trade in the service sector has been growing dramatically, the fields of international political economy and comparative political economy have not paid sufficient attention to this trend. One goal of the conference is to think about how institutional differences in labor markets and training systems, as well as differences in political configurations among advanced industrial societies shape the scope and the nature of "service sector trade."