- Globalization and Inequality
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- by Kremer, Michael; Maskin, Eric
- Supporters of the anti-globalization movement argue that "globalization has dramatically increased inequality between and within nations" (Mazur, 2000), and in particular that it has marginalized the poor in developing countries and left behind the poorest countries. Meanwhile, more moderate mainstream politicians argue that the poor must invest in education to take advantage of globalization (Clinton, 2000).
Such views are difficult to reconcile with a standard Heckscher-Ohlin trade model with two countries, two goods, and two factors (skilled and unskilled labor, or alternatively capital and labor). Under a simple model, globalization should benefit the poor in poor countries and reduce inequality in poor countries, and within the developing world the poorest countries and least educated workers should have the greatest opportunity to benefit from globalization.
- Publication Type: WCFIA Working Paper
- Published Date: 2006
- Field of Interest: Global Issues
- Kremer, Michael, and Eric Masking. "Globalization and Inequality." Working Paper 2008-0087, Weatherhead Center for International Affairs, Harvard University, 2006.