As of August 1, 2003, the Program on International Conflict Analysis and Resolution (PICAR) has closed, after a long, productive, and distinguished trajectory under the leadership of Professor Herbert Kelman.
Please note that the Seminar on International Conflict Analysis and Resolution is now called the "Herbert C. Kelman Seminar on International Conflict Analysis and Resolution."
PICAR was devoted to the development, study, and application of an interactive problem-solving approach to the resolution of conflicts between states and communities.
PICAR worked to advance the understanding of international and interethnic conflicts, and to develop interactive, problem-solving processes that can be effective in managing or resolving such conflicts. Using a view of international conflict as an intersocietal as well as an intergovernmental process, and a corresponding view of diplomacy as a creative integration of official and unofficial efforts, PICAR affiliates researched how democratization, pluralism, and the building of civil society in multi-ethnic states will be enhanced if underlying sources of conflict are discussed and addressed, both in current conflict resolution efforts and in setting up systems for managing conflicts in the future.
The primary area of practice for many Program members was the Middle East. However, several other initiatives were developed by PICAR affiliates which included projects in Sri Lanka, the Balkans, Cyprus, Northern Ireland, Colombia, and US Cuban relations.
Affiliates of the Program were dedicated to the integration of research, practice, and education. PICAR affiliates were trained and engaged in theory-building and action research as well as third party facilitation. Research arose out of practice, and practice, in turn, informed the development of the theory and methodology.
PICAR was supported by a grant from the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation.